Lessons 3-5, Texts 41-94: Bhakti is the topic of discussion between teacher and student in SB. PPT and recordings of this class are available at http://tinyurl.com/6-sandarbhas
Discussion Highlights: Introduction and Overview
Lessons 3-5, Texts 41-94: Bhakti is the topic of discussion between teacher and student in SB
In Bhakti process we need guidance, we need Guru. Throughout Srimad Bhagavatam we see discussions between teacher and guru with the topic Bhakti.
Texts 41-42: Brahma to Narada
Lord Brahma instructing to his son Narada muni, Narada muni thought his father was supreme since he is creator of this gigantic universe. Brahma was doing incredible creation. Brahma was also meditating on someone else, Narada muni got doubt who he is meditating on if Lord Brahma is supreme and asked his father to clarify. Brahma told him
Narayana is Ultimate destination and bhakti is the ultimate methodology to attain the supreme goal of human life.
Conclusion: Bhakti is the methodology
SB 2.5.15-16: The Vedic literatures are made by and are meant for the Supreme Lord, the demigods are also meant for serving the Lord as parts of His body, the different planets are also meant for the sake of the Lord, and different sacrifices are performed just to please Him.
All different types of meditation or mysticism are means for realizing Nārāyaṇa. All austerities are aimed at achieving Nārāyaṇa. Culture of transcendental knowledge is for getting a glimpse of Nārāyaṇa, and ultimately salvation is entering the kingdom of Nārāyaṇa.
Texts 43-45: Maitreya to Vidura
Text 43: Bhakti is the path of Joy
SB 3.5.4: Please give me instruction on the transcendental devotional service of the Lord, so that He who is situated in the heart of everyone can be pleased to impart, from within, knowledge of the Absolute Truth in terms of the ancient Vedic principles delivered only to those who are purified by the process of devotional service.
Text 44: Bhakti is the easy path of transcendence
SB 3.5.46-47: O Lord, persons who, because of their serious attitude, attain the stage of enlightened devotional service achieves the complete meaning of renunciation and knowledge and attain the Vaikuṇṭha loka in the spiritual sky simply by drinking the nectar of Your topics.
Others, who are pacified by means of transcendental self-realization and have conquered over the modes of nature by dint of strong power and knowledge, also enter into You, but for them there is much pain, whereas the devotee simply discharges devotional service and thus feels no such pain.
Hearing Krishna katha purifies our heart, even if we don’t have taste initially gradually we develop with hearing. Srinvatam svakatha Krishna punya sravana kirtana.
Text 45: Devotees bring virtue to their environment
SB 3.8.1: “O Vidura, indeed the Puru dynasty is worshipable by saintly people because of you, the chief among devotees, Yamamraja, have taken birth in it. You are continuously making the glories of Lord Krishna, newer and newer.”
Only Bhakti, indicated by Krishna Katha, is the supreme welfare.
Texts 46-47: Kapila Muni to Devahuti
Text 46: Bhakti is the best path for the yogis
SB 3.25.19: “For yogis striving for perfection in brahman realization, there is no path as auspicious as bhakti performed for the Supreme Lord, the Soul of everyone.”
Text 47: Bhakti confers equanimity of mind
SB 3.25.44: Therefore persons whose minds are fixed on the Lord engage in the intensive practice of devotional service. That is the only means for attainment of the final perfection of life.
Texts 48-49: The 4 Kumaras to King Prthu
Text 48: Bhakti cuts the knot of Karma
SB 4.22.39-40: “O King, Saintly people cut the knot of karma by devotion to the petal – like toes of the Lord’s lotus feet. However, the sanyasis, who are devoid of bhakti, although controlling all their senses, are not able to cut the knot of karma so easily. Therefore you should take shelter of Lord Vasudeva.”
“Those who desire to cross the ocean of birth and death, which is infested with the crocodiles of the mind and 5 senses, yet who are without a boat in the form of the shelter of the Lord, undergo great tribulation by under taking difficult means, such as yoga. But by adopting the worshipable feet of Lord Hari as your boat, you may easily cross over insurmountable ocean of misery.”
Bhakti removes all the stages of Karma, Prarabda, Aprarabda and seed form.
Material world is designed to give difficulties, it is an ocean of miseries, and we can easily cross over this insurmountable ocean by taking shelter of the Lord Sri Krishna.
Text 49: King Prthu practiced jnana only as a component of bhakti
SB 4.23.9-10: Mitreya to Vidura: “The best of human beings, King Prthu, worshiped the Supreme Person by the same supreme spiritual yoga that the honorable Sanat Kumara had instructed to him. By constantly practicing with faith, the devoted saintly king attained unalloyed devotion to all-pervading Supreme Lord.”
Texts 50-52: Rudra and Narada to Prachetas
Text 50: Dedication of mind and speech to Lord Hari
SB 4.24.69-70: My dear sons of the King, just execute your occupational duty as kings with a pure heart. Just chant this prayer fixing your mind on the lotus feet of the Lord. That will bring you all good fortune, for the Lord will be very much pleased with you.
Therefore, O sons of the King, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Hari, is situated in everyone’s heart. He is also within your hearts. Therefore chant the glories of the Lord and always meditate upon Him continuously.
Text 51: All faculties meant for the soul of all beings
SB 4.31-9-13: The great sage Nārada said: When a living entity is born to engage in the devotional service of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is the supreme controller, his birth, all his fruitive activities, his life span, his mind and his words are all factually perfect.
SB 4.31.10: A civilized human being has three kinds of births. The first birth is by a pure father and mother, and this birth is called birth by semen. The next birth takes place when one is initiated by the spiritual master, and this birth is called sāvitra. The third birth, called yājñika, takes place when one is given the opportunity to worship Lord Viṣṇu. Despite the opportunities for attaining such births, even if one gets the life span of a demigod, if one does not actually engage in the service of the Lord, everything is useless. Similarly, one’s activities may be mundane or spiritual, but they are useless if they are not meant for satisfying the Lord.
SB 4.31.11: Without devotional service, what is the meaning of severe austerities, the process of hearing, the power of speech, the power of mental speculation, elevated intelligence, strength, and the power of the senses?
SB 4.31.12: Transcendental practices that do not ultimately help one realize the Supreme Personality of Godhead are useless, be they mystic yoga practices, the analytical study of matter, severe austerity, the acceptance of sannyāsa, or the study of Vedic literature. All these may be very important aspects of spiritual advancement, but unless one understands the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Hari, all these processes are useless.
SB 4.31.13: Factually the Supreme Personality of Godhead is the original source of all self-realization. Consequently, the goal of all auspicious activities — karma, jñāna, yoga and bhakti — is the Supreme Personality of Godhead.
Text 52: Devotion is meant for the root of all existence
SB 4.31.14: As pouring water on the root of a tree energizes the trunk, branches, twigs and everything else, and as supplying food to the stomach enlivens the senses and limbs of the body, simply worshiping the Supreme Personality of Godhead through devotional service automatically satisfies the demigods, who are parts of that Supreme Personality.
Texts 53-54: Rsabhadeva to his sons; Jadabharata to King Rahugana
Text 53: Devotees have no goal other than Bhakti
Rsabhadeva: “Those who consider love for me, the Lord, as the only goal of life…” [SB 5.5.3] and, “I, who am superior even to Brahma and unlimited, have the ability to award heaven or liberation, but My unalloyed devotees do not desire anything from Me.” [SB 5.5.25]
Jadabarata: “O Rahugana, you are also wandering on this path. Therefore, now give up punishing people, become a friend to all living beings, and being detached from sense objects, cross this path by taking up the sword of knowledge, sharpened by service to Lord Hari.” [SB 5.13.20]
Text 54: Sadhusanga is the fruit of human life
SB 5.13.21-22: King Rahugana in turn, acknowledges that it was by a moment’s association of Jada Bharatha that his illusion based on ill logic had been completely uprooted.
Texts 55-57: Sankarsana to King Chtraketu and Prahlada to his school mates
Text 55: Jnana recommended only as an instrument to Bhakti
Sankarsana: “By the power of one’s discrimination, one should become free from the thirst for sense objects that are either directly experienced or heard about. Then, being fully satisfied by knowledge and realization, a person should become My devotee.”
Text 55: Bhakti is the significance of human life
Prahlada: “In this human life an intelligent person should practice bhagavata dharma, or devotion to the complete whole, Lord Krishna, beginning from childhood, because human life is extremely rare. Although it is impermanent, human life can deliver the highest goal. The only success of human life is to take shelter of Lord Vishnu because He is the Lord, the well-wisher, the object of Love and the very self of all living beings.” [SB 7.6.1-2]
Text 55: All practices are meaningful when they assist devotion
Prahlada continues: “Scripture makes reference to the 3 goals of dharma, artha and kama, as well as the knowledge of the self, goal-oriented action, logic, the penal code and various means of sustenance. But I consider of the self to the supreme person, who is the well-wisher of everyone.” [SB 7.6.26]
Text 56: Bhakti is the best method of uprooting Karma
Prahlada: “The venerable Narada Muni has declared that among thousands of processes for uprooting the seed of Karma, the method by which one attains natural attachment for the omnipotent Lord os the best.” [SB 7.7.29]
Text 57: Bhakti continues for those who have transcended Karma
Prahlada: “In this way, those who have subdued the 6 senses, engage in devotion unto the Lord, the supreme controller, by which they attain love for the Supreme Lord Vasudeva.” [SB 7.7.33]
Once we attain Bhakti platform, Jnana is not required (Jnana here refers to speculative platform).
Lesson 4, Texts 58-85: Narada to King Yudhisthira; The Nine Yogendras to King Nimi and Lord Krishna to Uddhava
Text 58, SB 7.11.7: Narada to King Yudhisthira: Lord Hari is the root of all dharma
“O King, Lord Hari, who is the personification of the vedas, is the root of dharma. He is also the smrti, or the whole body of legal codes, for those who are acquainted with truths of the vedas. By this dharma, the self becomes pleased.”
SB 7.15.68: Dharma is not the cause of Bhakti
“For example, O King, by the grace of Your Lord, Sri Krishna, you have crossed over insurmountable difficulties, and by service to His lotus feet you have conquered the whole world and performed many elaborate sacrifices.”
Bhakti is distinct from dharma
“If one renounces his prescribed duty and engages in the service of the lotus feet of Lord Hari, but falls down before becoming perfect, what inauspiciousness can befall him? On the other hand, if a person not engaged in the service of the Lord executes his prescribed duty, what does he gain?” [SB 1.5.17]
Later on, however bhakti is also described as bhagavata dharma, or prescribed duty for all humanity [SB 7.11.11]
In reality, bhakti has been described as distinct from dharma, or prescribed duty and as para vidya, or trascendental knowledge. [SB 5.9.2]
The Nine Yogendras to King Nimi
Text 59, SB 11.2.33: Bhakti is ultimate welfare
“I have understood that in this world, worship of the lotus feet of the Lord is the position of complete fearlessness for those whose minds are always tormented due to misconceiving the body as the self. By this worship, fear is absolutely dispelled.”
Kavi Yogendra then speaks three verses to respond to Nimi’srequest for him to enumerate the principles of bhagavata-dharma [SB 11.2.31]
“All those means that were spoken of by the Lord so that unenlightened humanity could easily attain realization of the Self, you should know to be bhägavata-dharma.” [SB 11.2.34]
“A person who is not devoted to the Lord because of the influence of the Lord’s deluding energy, Mäyä, succumbs to forgetfulness, misapprehension, and fear arising out of absorption in that which is secondary to the Lord. Therefore, the intelligent should worship the Lord with exclusive devotion, considering their teacher as their worshipful deity and object of love.” [SB 11.2.37]
It is understood that even routine activities become bhagavata-dharma if offered to the Lord.
Text 60, SB 11.2.36 Bhakti is a continuity:
“Whatever action one performs with the body, mind, speech, senses, intellect and heart, being impelled by one’s own nature, should be offered to the Supreme Lord Narayana.” [SB 11.2.36]
The duality of the visible world has no real existence. It appears like a dream or a mental image thru the intelligence to a person who dwells upon it. Therefore, a wise person should control his or her mind, the seat of resolution and indecision pertaining to action. This will bring fearlessness. [SB 11.2.38]
Text 61: Bhakti is direct glorification of the Lord
“Hearing of the most auspicious births and activities of Lord Hari, the wielder of the disc, and singing His names denoting His birth and activities, which are famous in this world, one should wander free from attachment and shame.” [SB 11.2.39]
Bhati never ends, once we start it, we continue until we get full perfection Krishna Prema
Neha bikramanasosti pratya vayo navidhyate…
Text 62: The vedas teach in a concealed manner – Parokshavada
“…Their real purpose is to make the ignorant free from bondage to karma. For this reason, fruitive activities are prescribed in the same manner that children are persuaded to take bitter medicine by offering them sweets.” [SB 11.3.44]
“An ignorant person who has no control over his senses and does not follow the Vedic injunctions, wanders in the cycle of birth and death because of engaging in forbidden irreligious acts.” [SB 11.3.45]
“One who executes only those actions prescribed by the Vedas, w/out attachment to the fruit, and who offers the results to the Supreme Lord, attains the perfection of being freed from the bondage to karma. The description of materialistic fruits that can be obtained is only to promote an interest in prescribed action.” [SB 11.3.46]
“A person who desires to quickly cut the knot of the heart that binds the soul should worship Lord Kesava according to the Vedic injunctions and Tantric rites.” [SB 11.33.47]
SB 11.20.9: Karma prescribed for those lacking knowledge and faith
“As long as one has not awakened faith in hearing narrations about Me, or as long as one had not developed detachment, s/he should continue to engage in prescribed karma.”
Varnasrama duties are designed to come to bhakti platform gradually
SB 11.3.46: Naiskarmya: The gradual path of freedom from karma
Proper execution of the prescribed duties w/out attachment in accordance with varnasrama-dharma led down by the Lord => offer them to the Lord => freedom from karmic bondage by His grace.
SB 11.3.47: Bhakti: The immediate path of freedom from karma
Proper execution of the prescribed duties without attachment in accordance with varnasrama
A rapid, independent method => naiskarmya-siddhi => also the means to pierce the knot of the heart [hrdaya-grantim] => false ego of bodily conception of life.
Text 63, SB 11.3.55: Worship of the Supreme Lord is the sole requirement:
“One who thus worship the Lord, the Supreme Soul, as present within fire, the Sun, water, and other elements, within his guest and also within his own heart, certainly attains salvation before long.”
Text 64: All Varnas are meant to worship the Lord
King Nimi’s Question: “O best of those who know the self, what is the destination of those whose desires are not satiated, who have no control over their mind and senses, and who generally do not worship the Supreme Lord Hari?” [SB 11.5.1]
CamsaYogendra’s Answer: From the mouth, arms, thighs, and feet of the Lord, respectively, appeared the 4 varnas, or castes, along with the 4 asramas, or stages of life. The Varnas were distinctly divided into brahmana, kshatriya, vaisya and sudra, according to their corresponding modes of nature.” [SB 11.5.2]
Degradation ensues from non-devotion
“Out of those divisions, those who do not worship the Supreme Person, who is the direct source of all souls and the master of all, and who disregard Him, fall from their status and become degraded.” [SB 11.5.3]
SB 11.4.10: Devotees surpass all obstacles
“When people serving You endeavor to ascend to Your abode by crossing the planets of the demigods, they place many obstacles in their path. But they do not present obstacles for others who offer oblations to them as their shares in sacrifice. But, being protected by You, the devotee crosses over, stepping on the heads of all obstacles.”
Texts 66-85: Lord Krishna to Uddhava
Text 65: The Lord is worshipped in all ages
“In the ages of Satya, Treta, Dvapara, and Kali, Lord Kesava appears in different forms, with different names and complexions, and is worshiped by different processes.” [SB 11.5.20]
Text 66, SB 11.7.6: Devotees abandon attachment through devotion
“But, you, O Uddhava, forsaking all attachment for your own friends and relatives and absorbing your mind fully in Me, should wander about the earth, regarding all things with equanimity.”
Devotees are distinguished from jnanis
“We, Your servants, who are adorned with the garlands, sandalwood paste, garments and ornaments used by You, and who eat Your remnants, will surely conquer over Your Maya.” [SB 11.6.46]
“The sages who go naked, who undergo arduous practice, who maintain perfect celibacy, and who are free from mental disturbance, renounced and pure, achieve Your effulgence, known as Brahman.” [SB 11.6.47]
“But we who are wandering on the path of karma in this world, O Suprme yogi, will cross over the insurmountable darkness of ignorance by discussing the activities You performed with Your devotees, and by remembering and repeating Your deeds and instructions, Your gait, smiles, glances, and jests, and the other behavior You demonstrated in Your human-like pastimes.” [SB 11.6.48-49]
Text 67: Awareness cannot be perfected without devotion
“If a person has thoroughly studied the Vedas, the sound revelation of the Lord, but does not have perfect realization of the Transcendental Reality, the result of his effort is merely labor, like that a person who maintains a cow whose milk has dried-up.” [SB 11.11.18]
Text 68-69: Vedic utterances devoid of Krishna Katha are of no value
“O dearest Uddhava, a person who maintains a cow that does not yield any milk, an unchaste wife, a body that is a slave to others, unworthy progeny, wealth not sanctified by offering to a worthy recipient and speech bereft of My pastimes, suffers misery after misery.” [SB 11.11.19]
“My dear Uddhava, a sober person should not cultivate barren speech that does not concern itself with My purifying activities in relation to creation, maintenance and annihilation of the cosmos, or which does not relate My appearance in innumerable pastime forms, which are enjoyed by the people of the world.” [SB 11.11.20]
Text 70: Awareness is effective when leads to devotion
“In this way thru proper inquiry, one should cast aside the illusion of identifying the body, mind, and ego with the soul, and by fixing the mind devoid of passion on Me, the omnipresent Lord, one should become peaceful.” [SB 11.11.21]
Text 71: Where Jnana fails, Bhakti succeeds
“If, however, you are unable to fix your mind unswervingly on Brahman, perform all your prescribed duties properly for My sake w/out any motive.” [SB 11.11.22]
Text 72: Pure devotion free from jnana
“O Uddhava, a faithful person who hears, sings, and continuously remembers narrations about Me, which are highly auspicious and which purify the world, who regularly enacts dramas depicting My advent and exploits , and who having taken shelter of Me, carries out his responsibilities in the fields of dharma, artha, and kama for My sake, attains unswerving devotion unto Me, the Eternal.” [SB 11.11.23-24]
Texts 73-74: Faith develops through association and taste
“Endowed with devotion to Me, acquired thru association with devotees, he takes to worshiping Me. Such a devotee easily attains realization of My intrinsic nature, which is revealed by My devotees.” [SB 11.11.25]
Text 75: Ascertaining the true path of ultimate welfare
Uddhava’s Question: “O Lord Krsna, exponents of the Vedas describe many processes for attaining ultimate welfare. Are these all optionally supreme or is one of them supreme? You have described bhakti-yoga as independent of all other paths. By following the path of bhakti the mind becomes fixed on You, casting off all other attachments.” [SB 11.14.1-2]
Text 76-77: Why different interpretations of the Veda exist?
“In due course of time this speech of Mine, known as the Veda, was lost during the period of annihilation. It contains duties by following which one’s mind becomes fixed on Me. I spoke this to Brahma at the beginning of creation.” [SB 11.14.3] This is because of people’s different natures. To make this clear, Krsna speaks 7 verses beginning with this one.
“O best of men, with their intelligence deluded by My external potency, people speak of many different paths of ultimate welfare, according to their own karma and taste.” [SB 11.14.9]
Texts 78-79: Subsidiary processes do not yield ultimate welfare
“Neither practice of yoga, nor sankhya, nor prescribed duties, nor the study of the Vedas, nor penances, nor renunciation can captivate Me as does emphatic devotion unto Me.” [SB 11.14.20]
“Religiosity endowed with truth and compassion, or even knowledge accompanied by penance, certainly does not completely purge the mind, if devoid of My devotion.” [SB 11.14.22]
Text 80: Bhakti alone brings ultimate welfare
“The more the mind is purified by hearing and reciting My pious pastimes, the more it can perceive the subtle reality, just as the eyes can see minute objects when treated with therapeutic ointment.” [SB 11.14.26]
Text 81: Renunciation automatically follows devotion
Krishna disregarded jnana and karma, and established bhakti alone as the abhidheya in five verses.
“All the desires in the heart of a thoughtful sage who constantly worships Me thru the methods of bhakti-yoga already described are destroyed, because I become situated in his heart. [SB 11.20.29]
Text 82: Freedom from bondage thru devotion
“When one realizes Me, the Soul of everyone, the knot in the heart is pierced, all doubts are dispelled and one’s karma is destroyed.” [SB 11.20.30]
The result of jnana, namely freedom from bondage, is attainted thru realization of Him.
Text 83: Jnana and vairagya are not generally beneficial
“Therefore, for the yogi who is endowed with bhakti or Me and whose mind is fixed on Me, knowledge and renunciation are not generally beneficial in this world.” [SB 11.20.31]
Bhakti does not depend on any other process, whereas the other processes depend on bhakti.
Text 84: All fruits available thru devotion
“Whatever may be attained by execution of prescribed duties, penances, cultivation of jnana, renunciation, practice of yoga, offering of charity in accordance with scripture, or any other means of ultimate welfare, is easily attained by My devotee, thru engagement in bhakti-yoga to Me. If at any time My devotee should desire heaven, liberation or My abode, he can also attain these.” [SB 11.20.32-33.]
Text 85: The unique result of bhakti
“By using this unreal and mortal body, one can attain Me, the real and immortal, in this very life. This, indeed, is the intelligence of the intelligent and wisdom of the wise.” [SB 11.29.22]
Lesson 5, Texts 86-94: Sukadev Goswami to King Parikshit and Suta Goswami to Saunaka Rishi
Text 86: Sukadev Goswami to King Parikshit: Hearing is primary methodology:
“For a person tormented by the forest fire of multifarious miseries and desiring to cross the insurmountable ocean of the material world, there is no vessel other than constantly hearing the nectar-like narrations of the pastimes of the Supreme Person, Sri Krishna.” [SB 12.4.40]
“O Venerable Master, I fear neither Takshaka nor any other form of death since I have attained the fearless and all-blissful state of Brahman realization revealed by you. Grant me your blessing, O sage, that while controlling my speech and fixing my mind, free from all desires, on Lord Krshna, I may give up my life air.” [SB 12.6.5-6]
“To those who drink the nectar of the Lord’s pastimes, whose discussions are focused on the glorious Lord, and who always remember His lotus feet, there is no delusion even at the time of death.” [SB 1.19.4]
Texts 87-92: Suta to Saunaka Rishi
Text 87: Knowledge without devotion is a limitation
“Even knowledge that is pure and free from bondage to action is w/out beauty, if devoid of devotion to Lord Acyuta. What then can be said of action, karma, which is always inauspicious when not offered to the Lord, even if performed w/out material motive?” [SB 12.12.52]
Text 88: Conventional religion yields only material wealth
“The immense labor expended in discharging prescribed duties pertaining to one’s varnasrama-dharma, and in undergoing penance, study of the Vedas, and other similar practices, culminate only in wealth accompanied by fame. But by hearing and repeating the glories of Lord Hari one attains unbroken remembrance of the lotus feet of the Lord, who is the support of the Goddess of fortune.” [SB 12.12.53]
Text 89: Bhakti awards transcendence
“Continuous remembrance of the lotus feet of Lord Krishna destroys all inauspiciousness, extends tranquility, purifies the heart, awards bhakti of the Supreme Lord, and bestows knowledge accompanied by realization and detachment.” [SB 12.12.54]
Text 90: Devotion is the highest fortune
“O chief among the twice born, Lord Narayana is the Soul of everyone, the supreme worshipable deity, the controller and w/out any superior. You are indeed highly fortunate because, having installed permanently in your hearts, you may worship Him constantly.” [SB 12.12.55]
Text 91: Devotion arouses eagerness
“By your questions, you have awakened my remembrance of the true nature of the Supreme Soul, which I had heard earlier from the lips of the great seer, Sri Suka, in the assembly of eminent sages who also listened to it, while King Parikshit with a vow to fast until death.” [SB 12.12.56]
Text 92: Bhakti is discussed by all teachers in SB
“O greatly fortunate one, please narrate these incidents if they relate to Lord Krishna or His devotees, who lick the honey from His lotus feet.” [SB 1.16.6]
Texts 92-94: Bhakti is the methodology as discussed further in SB
Text 92: Bhakti is the supreme duty of humanity
Yama speaks to his servants: “Devotional service, beginning with the chanting of the holy name of the Lord, is the ultimate religious principle for the living entity in human society.” [SB 6.3.22]
Text 93: Bhakti is the path of fearlessness
Suka said: “In this world the path of bhakti is most appropriate, most auspicious and free from all fear. Well-behaved, saintly devotees of Lord Narayana walk on this path.” [SB 6.1.17]
Text 94: Bhakti is the fruit of hearing scripture
Vidura speaks: “To repeatedly hear the good qualities of those who keep the lotus feet of Lord Mukunda in their hearts is the prime fruit of the extensive labor undertaken by human beings in the study of scriptures. This has been rightly esteemed by the wise.” [SB 3.13.4]
“After churning all the scriptures and deliberating on them again and again, it has been properly concluded that one should always meditate on Lord Narayana.” [Padma Purana]
“Thus, Lord Vishnu, the source of knowledge and penance, is praised as having no source. May the worshipable Lord Janardana, for whom the knowers of the Vedas undergo penance, be pleased with me.”